What Women Should Know About IUDs

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One of the most effective forms of contraception is a hormonal IUD with Progestogen, like Mirena. This long-acting reversal form of contraception should not be confused with an IUD with copper because contraceptives like Mirena are made entirely of plastic. These products are also used to treat a variety of medical conditionals such as Menorrhagia, Endometriosis and Anemia. In some cases, the use of a hormonal IUD may prevent a hysterectomy.

There are numerous advantages to this type of contraceptive. An IUD can minimize menstrual cramps and can lighten a period’s flow, or even stop a monthly period completely. An IUD can also be used safely while breastfeeding when inserted or reinserted after a planned pregnancy.

One of the most recognizable benefits to an IUD is that, unlike many other types of birth control that rely on the user to maintain a schedule, IUDs require little action once inserted. IUDs require no daily, weekly, or monthly regimen, which helps to explain why failure rates are so low. The overall failure rate for a hormonal IUD over a five-year period is just 0.7%.

Perhaps the biggest benefit of the hormonal IUD with Progestogen is the opportunity of pregnancy when a woman is ready. The user can simply schedule an appointment with her doctor to have the unit removed and fertility will return to normal levels in about three months. Once pregnancy goals are fulfilled, the IUD can be reinserted.

Of course, some possible side effects exist for IUD users. Some women experience irregular periods or spotting between periods, and the insertion procedure can sometimes be uncomfortable. This can cause cramping and backaches for a few days after. Also, about five percent of women have their IUD slip out of their uterus (referred to as expulsion) and in some rare cases, serious medical complications such as infection or ovarian cysts may occur.